What Is An Ergonomic Keyboard: A Practical Guide

The Importance of Ergonomic Keyboards: Improve Your Typing Experience

An ergonomic keyboard is a design that prioritizes comfort and efficiency. The main objective is to make typing more comfortable and reduce the risk of repetitive strain injuries. Read on to discover more about the basics of an ergonomic keyboard and how it can benefit you.

What is an Ergonomic Keyboard?

  • Designed for comfort and reduced strain
  • Features concave or tapered keys and a well-spaced layout
  • Some keyboards split or angle out for better hand positioning

Simply put, an ergonomic keyboard is designed to help alleviate typing-related discomfort by allowing your wrists and fingers to rest in a more natural position.

These keyboards are specially designed to fit the contours of a human hand, minimizing undue stress on the wrist and fingers.

They come in different shapes and sizes and are built to accommodate various typing styles. The keys are typically arranged in a wave pattern, with keys for the fingers’ most commonly used letters easily reached.

Types of Ergonomic Keyboards

Contoured Keyboard:

  • Wave-like shape for improved hand positioning

Split Keyboard:

  • Pronounced split for comfortable hand spacing

Angled Keyboard:

  • Gradient slope for keeping wrists straight and hands cupped

There are three main types of ergonomic keyboards: the split keyboard, the contoured or curved keyboard, and the angled keyboard.

The split keyboard separates the keyboard into two halves, with the two pieces angled to form a natural angle for your arms and wrists.

The contoured or curved keyboard is designed to conform to the shape of your hands and reduce the amount of reaching and stretching necessary to type.

Lastly, the angled keyboard’s design tilts your keyboard and pushes the keys closer to your fingers.

Related: Evaluating the Keyboard and Trackpad Experience on Laptops

Advantages of Ergonomic Keyboards

There are numerous benefits to using an ergonomic keyboard. Here are some of them:

  1. Comfortable typing: An ergonomic keyboard encourages the natural sitting posture of our hands, minimizing discomfort.
  2. Reduced risk of injuries: They reduce the risk of repetitive strain injuries, carpal tunnel syndrome, and tennis elbow.
  3. Increased productivity: In addition to using an ergonomic mouse, an ergonomic keyboard reduces fatigue and speeds up typewriting.
  4. Versatility: Ergonomic keyboards are versatile, with designs to fit a wide range of people’s needs.

Choose the Right Keyboard:

  • Try different types to find the one that suits you best
  • Note that contoured and split keyboards are not available on laptops due to space limitations

Investing in an ergonomic keyboard can greatly enhance your typing experience, promote comfort, and reduce the risk of long-term damage. Prioritize your well-being and make your typing sessions more enjoyable with an ergonomic keyboard that meets your needs.

Before purchasing an ergonomic keyboard, there are several factors you should consider. These include layout, build quality, brand reputation, and pricing structure.

Opting for a reputable brand with good reviews and a warranty is a good approach.

A good ergonomic keyboard should also suit your typing style and preferences, have a good layout, and have a comfortable feel. Lastly, it’s important to ensure that it fits your budget.

Related: Surface Keyboard Not Working: Understanding the Issue and Troubleshooting Tips

Benefits of Ergonomic Keyboards

  • Improved comfort and ease of use
  • Reduces stress and strain on hands and wrists
  • Enhances typing efficiency and accuracy
  • Provides a more intuitive and natural typing experience

Ergonomic keyboards provide several benefits to users, including reducing the risk of carpal tunnel syndrome and other repetitive strain injuries. The keyboards help improve posture, reduce finger fatigue, and help people achieve a more natural typing position, thereby increasing productivity and reducing discomfort.

When looking for an ergonomic keyboard, it’s essential to consider several factors. For instance, you should consider the layout of the keys, the design, and the adjustability of the keyboard. Additionally, you should consider the compatibility of the keyboard with your computer or laptop, the level of noise produced when typing, and the warranty provided with the keyboard.

Related: How To Clean a Laptop Keyboard That Is Sticky

Troubleshooting problems with your keyboard

If you own an ergonomic keyboard, it is essential to ensure it is functioning correctly. Some common issues that arise with ergonomic keyboards include connectivity issues, stuck keys, and connectivity issues with specific devices. In such cases, you may need to read the user manual, consult your computer dealer, or contact the keyboard manufacturer.

Importance of Proper Typing Technique

Using an ergonomic keyboard is one part of promoting comfortable and efficient typing, but it is equally important to practice proper typing techniques. Here’s why:

Reduced Strain:

  • Proper typing technique helps minimize strain on your fingers, hands, and wrists. By using the correct finger placement and employing a light touch on the keys, you can prevent unnecessary muscle tension and reduce the risk of repetitive strain injuries.

Improved Accuracy:

  • Adopting proper typing techniques enhances your accuracy and speed. When you type with precision, you make fewer errors and spend less time correcting mistakes. This can lead to increased productivity and efficiency in your work or daily tasks.

Enhanced Posture:

  • Typing with good technique encourages proper posture. Maintain an upright sitting position, keeping your back straight and your feet flat on the floor. Position your keyboard at a comfortable height and distance to avoid slouching or hunching over.

Reduced Fatigue:

  • Using proper typing techniques can help reduce fatigue and prevent discomfort during extended typing sessions. By distributing the workload evenly among your fingers and avoiding unnecessary movements, you can sustain your typing speed and accuracy without experiencing excessive strain or tiredness.

Tips for Proper Typing Technique

Position your fingers correctly:

  • Rest your fingers on the home row keys (ASDF for the left hand and JKL; for the right hand) and use the appropriate fingers to reach the other keys.

Employ a light touch:

  • Avoid pounding on the keys forcefully. Instead, use a gentle and relaxed touch to press the keys, allowing your fingers to glide smoothly across the keyboard.

Maintain a neutral wrist position:

  • Keep your wrists in a straight and neutral position while typing. Avoid excessive bending or twisting of the wrists, as this can contribute to discomfort and strain.

Take regular breaks:

  • Incorporate short breaks into your typing sessions to stretch your fingers, hands, and wrists. Perform simple stretching exercises or hand/wrist rotations to alleviate tension and improve circulation.


In conclusion, an ergonomic keyboard is a worthy investment if you often type for long periods and experience discomfort or pain. These keyboards are designed to enhance your comfort and reduce discomfort, and risk of injury. There are different types of ergonomic keyboards in the market, and you must choose one that best suits your needs and budget. By choosing an ergonomic keyboard, you will experience faster typing speeds, improved hand posture, and better productivity.

JS Author Picture

J.S. is the owner, content creator, and editor at Upgrades-and-Options.com. I’ve worked in the IT and Computer Support field for over 20 years. The server hardware in my computer labs has mostly been IBM, but I’ve supported Dell, HP, and various other hardware. In addition, as part of my lab administrator responsibilities, I’ve learned, supported, and repaired/upgraded network hardware such as Cisco routers and switches. READ FULL BIO >>